Breakpoint cluster region (BCR) is a gene that functions as a fusion partner with ABL1 to encode a fusion protein that is a result of the reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 22 and 9. The translocation produces the Philadelphia chromosome – a hallmark feature of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Fusions, rearrangements, missense mutations, nonsense mutations, silent mutations, and frameshift deletions and insertions are observed in cancers such as hematopoietic and lymphoid cancers, intestinal cancer, and skin cancer.

Related Pathways

Modified: December 4, 2015

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